Tree and Plant Nurseries
Immediate Goals: Tree and plant nurseries are vitally important to the agricultural development of Morocco, and the continuing struggle against climate change. While tree and plant nurseries can take many different forms - some nurseries are in green houses, while others are open fields - all HAF nurseries serve the same end goal: to provide family farmers and local communities the tools and resources to improve their socioeconomic status through increased income generation, while simultaneously combating soil erosion and deforestation, which threatens the livelihoods of Moroccan communities.
Community-managed nurseries offer a long-term, sustainable and higher-value source of income since the mature fruit trees and medicinal and aromatic plants are distributed to local farmers to plant on their own land and in their fields, providing a long-term source of higher value produce to generate higher incomes and diversify local diets. In this way, the livelihoods of the 85 per cent of rural Moroccans who earn less than the national average can be improved, and food security can be increased.
The approach of building a community-managed nursery - whereby saplings are planted for two years and then distributed to households to be planted in their individual orchards - provides special advantages:
• Seeds are a fraction of the cost of two-year-old trees ready to plant in orchards;
• Community members gain technical agricultural skills that enable them to replenish their own orchards in the future; and
• Nurseries are innovative profit-making enterprises and are necessary to meet the immense demand for fruit trees by rural Moroccan communities as they transition from subsistence to modern agricultural practices.